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Denmark

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History

Danish History

The Roman Empire had little contact with people as far north as Denmark. It was thought that after a few successful raids on England in the 11th century, this led to the creation of an Anglo-Danish kingdom. In the early 13th century Denmark, Norway and Sweden were reunited in the 14th century through blood ties between the various ruling families.

However, the rise of Sweden as a power in its own right, during the mid and late 15th century, forced Denmark to take a more aggressive posture. (Norway was still firmly allied to the Danes.) This enjoyed most success under King Christian IV, considered to be the greatest of Danish monarchs, who ruled between 1588 and 1648 and did much to establish the country as a modern nation and an influential European state. During the late 18th and early 19th centuries Denmark-Norway was allied to France which made the Danish an enemy to the English. In 1807 in the infamous ‘fleet robbery’ the entire Danish fleet was destroyed or stolen by the English. With the fall of Napoleon and the French the Danes lost one of there biggest allies. With the renewed pressure on the Danes from Sweden forced Denmark to relinquish control over Norway at the 1814 Treaty of Kiel, but it retained the Old Norwegian dependencies of Iceland, the Faros and Greenland.

During World War II, Nazi Germany occupied Denmark, but after the war the country joined the new NATO organization. Today, the country is known for it’s liberalism and is proud of it’s seafaring past.

 
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